In this post you will see the 8 Universities that offer Optometry in Nigeria. Optometry is a health care profession which involves examining the eyes and applicable visual systems for defects or abnormalities as well as the medical diagnosis and management of eye disease.
Traditionally, the field of optometry began with the primary focus of correcting refractive error through the use of spectacles. Modern day optometry, however, has evolved through time so that the education curriculum additionally includes intensive medical training in the diagnosis and management of ocular disease in countries where the profession is established and regulated.
Optometrists (also known as Doctors of optometry) are independent primary health care providers who examine, diagnose, treat and manage diseases and disorders of the visual system, the eye and associated structures as well as diagnose related systemic conditions
This means that optometrists, as primary health care providers, are the “eye-doctor” that the majority of people seek care from first.
Optometrists perform comprehensive examinations of the eye (both internally and externally), evaluate the visual system, diagnose any problems, and then prescribe an appropriate treatment.
While all optometrists provide general eye and vision care, some optometrists specialize in specific areas of optometry. The areas of specialization include contact lenses, vision therapy, sports vision, ocular disease, geriatrics, pediatrics, low vision (working with visually impaired patients), occupational vision, education and research.
Optometrists examine the eyes and other parts of the visual system. They also diagnose and treat visual problems and manage diseases, injuries, and other disorders of the eyes. They prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses as needed.
8 Universities that offer Optometry in Nigeria
- Federal University Of Technology, Owerri
- Imo State University, Owerri
- University Of Benin, Benin City
- University Of Ilorin, Ilorin
- Bayero University, Kano
- Abia State University, Uturu
- Madonna University, Okija
- Polytechnic, Nekede
Roles and Responsibilities of Optometrists
Optometrists typically do the following:
- Perform vision tests and analyze results
- Diagnose sight problems, such as nearsightedness or farsightedness, and eye diseases, such as glaucoma
- Prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses, and other visual aids, and if state law permits, medications
- Perform minor surgical procedures to correct or treat visual or eye health issues
- Provide treatments such as vision therapy or low-vision rehabilitation
- Provide pre- and postoperative care to patients undergoing eye surgery—for example, examining a patient’s eyes the day after surgery
- Evaluate patients for the presence of other diseases and conditions, such as diabetes or hypertension, and refer patients to other healthcare providers as needed
- Promote eye and general health by counseling patients
Some optometrists spend much of their time providing specialized care, particularly if they are working in a group practice with other optometrists or physicians. For example, some optometrists mostly treat patients with only partial sight, a condition known as low vision. Others may focus on treating infants and children.
Optometrists promote eye health and counsel patients on how general health can affect eyesight. For example, they may counsel patients on how smoking cessation or weight loss can reduce vision problems.
Job Opportunities for Optometrists in Nigeria
Just like other medical practitioners, optometrists can seek employment in the following places:
- University teaching hospitals nationwide
- Federal medical centers across the country
- State hospitals
- Government and private owned eye specialist hospitals. Example of such include National Eye Centre, Kaduna; Dayspring Eye clinic , Tomplace Eye clinic, Ocuville Eye Center, Dothan Eye Center all in Lagos
- Federal and state ministry of health
NGOs such as UNICEF, WHO and so on.
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